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Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known simply as Shell, is a multinational oil company of Dutch and British origins. It is the second largest private sector energy corporation in the world, and one of the six "supermajors" (vertically integrated private sector oil exploration, natural gas, and petroleum product marketing companies). The company's headquarters are in The Hague, Netherlands, with its registered office in London (Shell Centre).
The company's main business is the exploration for and the production, processing, transportation, and marketing of hydrocarbons (oil and gas). Shell also has a significant petrochemicals business (Shell Chemicals), and an embryonic renewable energy sector developing wind, hydrogen and solar power opportunities. Shell is incorporated in the UK with its corporate headquarters in The Hague, its tax residence is in Netherlands, and its primary listings on the London Stock Exchange and Euronext Amsterdam (only "A" shares are part of the AEX index).
Forbes Global 2000 in 2007 ranked Shell the eighth largest company in the world. Also in 2007, Fortune magazine ranked Shell as the third-largest corporation in the world, behind Wal-Mart and ExxonMobil.
Shell operates in over 140 countries. In the United States, its Shell Oil Company subsidiary, headquartered in Houston, Texas, is one of Shell's largest businesses.
BP p.l.c., previously known as British Petroleum, is the third largest global energy company, a multinational oil company ("oil major") with headquarters in London. The company is among the largest private sector energy corporations in the world, and one of the six "supermajors" (vertically integrated private sector oil exploration, natural gas, and petroleum product marketing companies). The Company is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.
Facts and figures:
Turnover 1 $284 billion (year 2007)
Replacement cost profit 2 $17.3 billion (year 2007)
Number of employees 97,600 (at Dec 2007)
Number of shareholders + 1.2 million (at 31 Dec 2007)
Proved reserves 17.8 billion barrels of oil and gas equivalent
Service stations 24,100
Exploration Active in 29 countries
Refineries Interest in 17
Chevron Corporation (NYSE: CVX) is the world's fifth largest non-government energy company. Headquartered in San Ramon, California, USA, and active in more than 180 countries, it is engaged in every aspect of the oil and gas industry, including exploration and production; refining, marketing and transport; chemicals manufacturing and sales; and power generation. Chevron is one of the world's six "supermajor" oil companies.
Chevron is one of the world's largest integrated energy companies. Headquartered in San Ramon, California, we conduct business in more than 100 countries. We are engaged in every aspect of the oil and natural gas industry, including exploration and production, manufacturing, marketing and transportation, chemicals manufacturing and sales, geothermal, and power generation. We're also investing in renewables and advanced technologies.
We trace our earliest roots to an 1879 oil discovery at Pico Canyon, north of Los Angeles, which led to the formation of the Pacific Coast Oil Co. That company later became Standard Oil Co. of California and, subsequently, Chevron. We took on the name "Chevron" when we acquired Gulf Oil Corp. in 1984, nearly doubling our worldwide proved oil and gas reserves. Our merger with Gulf was at that time the largest in U.S. history.
Another major branch of the family tree is The Texas Fuel Company, which was formed in Beaumont, Texas, in 1901. It later became known as The Texas Company and eventually Texaco. In 2001, our two companies merged to form ChevronTexaco. The name was changed to Chevron in 2005 to convey a clearer, stronger and more unified presence around the world. The acquisition of Unocal Corporation in 2005 strengthened Chevron's position as an energy industry leader, enhancing our oil and natural gas assets around the world.
Our diverse and highly skilled global workforce consists of more than 59,000 employees and about 5,800 service station employees. As a company and as individuals, we take great pride in contributing to the communities where we live and work. We also care deeply about the environment and are proud of the many ways in which our employees work to safeguard it.
In 2007, Chevron produced 2.62 million barrels of oil-equivalent per day. About 70 percent of that volume occurred outside the United States and in more than 20 different countries. Chevron had a global refining capacity of more than 2 million barrels of oil per day at the end of 2007. Our marketing network supports more than 25,000 retail outlets on six continents. And we have invested in 13 power-generating facilities in the United States and Asia.
ConocoPhillips Company (NYSE: COP) is an international energy corporation with its headquarters located in Houston, Texas. It was created through the merger of Conoco Inc. and the Phillips Petroleum Company on August 30, 2002. Headquarters are based in Houston, Texas in the United States, and offices are located worldwide. It is one of the six "supermajor" vertically integrated oil companies. Its fuel stations are known under the Phillips 66, Conoco, and 76 names.
ConocoPhillips uses its pioneering spirit to responsibly deliver energy to the world. This purpose transcends all of ConocoPhillips’ operations. The company conducts its business to return maximum value to shareholders while utilizing a wealth of knowledge and resources from its employees and acting responsibly in all communities in which it operates.
As the third-largest integrated energy company in the United States, based on market capitalization, oil and natural gas reserves, the company understands its responsibility to deliver energy in a safe, environmentally and socially responsible manner. The company upholds this responsibility in its worldwide operations, where it is the fifth-largest refiner and the sixth-largest reserves holder of nongovernment-controlled companies. ConocoPhillips is known worldwide for its technological expertise in reservoir management and exploration, 3-D Seismic technology, high-grade petroleum coke upgrading and sulfur removal.
Approximately 33,600 ConocoPhillips employees work worldwide to consistently deliver top performance and value and to maintain the company’s global market position. Employees’ individual talents and strengths combine to create a diverse and resilient workforce within ConocoPhillips.
With operations in nearly 40 countries, ConocoPhillips is committed to contributing to social, economic and environmental improvements in all the communities in which it operates. The company is currently funding numerous environmental, social, health and education programs around the world.
Headquartered in Houston, Texas, the company has assets of $185 billion. ConocoPhillips stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "COP."
Total S.A. (Euronext: FP, NYSE: TOT) is an oil company headquartered in Paris, France, and one of the six "Supermajor" oil companies in the world. Its businesses cover the entire oil and gas chain, from crude oil and natural gas exploration and production to power generation, transportation, refining, petroleum product marketing, and international crude oil and product trading. Total is also a large-scale chemicals manufacturer.
With operations in more than 130 countries, Total engages in all aspects of the petroleum industry, including Upstream operations (oil and gas exploration, development and production, LNG) and Downstream operations (refining, marketing and the trading and shipping of crude oil and petroleum products).
Total also produces base chemicals (petrochemicals and fertilizers) and specialty chemicals for the industrial and consumer markets. In addition, Total has interests in the coal mining and power generation sectors, as well as a financial interest in Sanofi-Aventis.
The technical skills and expertise of our 96,400 employees are the most important competitive advantage. United by a shared culture, these exploration, production, refining, marketing and chemicals specialists have made Total a sound, resilient enterprise, focused on our core businesses and enjoying unmatched growth opportunities.
Growing Production to Keep Pace with Energy Demand
Total is the world’s fifth-largest international oil and gas producer, with production of 2.39 million barrels of oil equivalent per day and proved reserves of 10.4 billion barrels of oil equivalent as of end-2007 2. Our portfolio of assets is evenly distributed among the world’s leading petroleum provinces.
We are also a world leader in gas production and marketing and in power generation. Moreover, we are actively preparing for the future by investigating renewable energies such as photovoltaics (solar power) and marine energy and second-generation biofuels.
The Exxon Mobil Corporation, or ExxonMobil, is an American oil and gas corporation and a direct descendant of John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil company. Formed on November 30, 1999, by the merger of Exxon and Mobil, ExxonMobil is the world's largest company by revenue, at $404.5 billion for the fiscal year of 2007, having interchanged this status with Wal-Mart in recent years, as oil prices have fluctuated. It is also the largest publicly held corporation by market capitalization, at $501.17 billion on April 18, 2008. Exxon's reserves were 72 billion oil-equivalent barrels at the end of 2007 and, at current rates of production, are expected to last over 14 years. While it is the largest of the six oil supermajors with daily production of 4.18 million BOE (barrels of oil equivalent) in 2007, this is only approximately 3% of world production and ExxonMobil's daily production is surpassed by several of the largest state-owned petroleum companies. When ranked by oil and gas reserves it is 14th in the world with less than 1% of the total. Currently, the company ranks #1 in the world in net income, which was almost $40 billion last year.
Meeting the world’s growing energy needs is an enormous challenge. By 2030, as populations and economies grow, global energy demand will reach close to 325 million oil-equivalent barrels a day — approximately 40 percent higher by 2030 than it was in 2005.
ExxonMobil’s asset base is large, geographically diverse, and economically robust across a range of business environments. The company holds exploration and production acreage in 36 countries and production operations in 24 countries around the world. In 2007, seven major upstream projects started production. ExxonMobil sells natural gas in almost all major and developing markets to power companies, industrial users, and distributors. Total 2007 oil and gas production available for sale averaged 4.2 million oil-equivalent barrels per day.
ExxonMobil’s network of reliable and efficient manufacturing plants, transportation systems, and distribution centers provides clean fuels, lubricants, and other high-value products and feedstocks to customers around the world. ExxonMobil has interests in 38 refineries located in 21 countries and markets its products through more than 32,000 retail service stations. Our products and services are also provided to nearly 1 million customers worldwide through our three business-to-business segments—Industrial and Wholesale, Aviation, and Marine. In 2007, refinery throughput averaged 5.6 million barrels per day, and petroleum product sales were 7.1 million barrels per day. ExxonMobil is the world’s No. 1 supplier of lube basestocks and a leader in marketing finished lubricants, asphalt, and specialty products. Worldwide, we market products under the Exxon, Mobil, and Esso brands.
ExxonMobil is a leader in the petrochemical industry with interest in 49 wholly owned and joint-venture facilities around the world. We hold strong positions in many of the largest-volume and highest-growth petrochemicals in the global economy. The company is one of the largest producers of olefins, the basic petrochemical building block. We are also one of the largest producers of polyolefins, which include polyethylene, the largest-volume plastic, and polypropylene, one of the fastest-growing polymers. More than 90 percent of chemical capacity is employed in businesses where we rank first or second in worldwide market position.
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